Samoyed vs Golden Retriever What’s the Difference 

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever

Having two dogs can be very difficult for anyone. It is challenging to take care of a pet as that comes with various responsibilities like feeding it, exercising it, etc.

Of course, not all breeds are the same, as each one has its own unique characteristics and different needs.


Therefore, many people only consider having one pet at home since they cannot deal with two of them. People prefer dogs over other types of animals because they are loyal and obedient and provide many emotional and physical benefits.

Certain people hesitate between acquiring a Samoyed or a Golden Retriever. We know that Golden Retrievers are well-known dogs throughout the world not only for their physical appearance but also for their personality.

However, the Samoyed is one of the most beautiful dogs characterized by getting along easily with loved ones, strangers, children, and other animals.

It is necessary to know the differences and similarities between the two before making a decision.

The Samoyed is one of the oldest breeds that originated in Russia and was used not only for hunting but also for reindeer herding.

That is because this breed grew up in cold places and had to adapt to the snow, so they were one of the few species that could carry out these activities. In fact, some used them to pull sleds. Samoyeds are known for getting along with all people and animals.

Golden Retrievers are noted for their versatility and intelligence. It is one of the most popular breeds in the world, and that is due to its beautiful and distinctive golden coat.

Many people get them because they are so intelligent that they can be easily trained, even by inexperienced owners. They love playing and having fun with their owners and human family members.

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever Comparison Table


SamoyedGolden Retriever
Origin CountryRussiaScotland
SizeMediumMedium-Large
Height48 cm – 60 cm51 cm – 61 cm
Weight15 kg – 29 kg35 kg – 36 kg
Lifespan12 – 14 Years10 – 12 Years
Energy LevelHighHigh
Coat TypesDouble CoatDouble Coat
Coat TextureStraightWavy
Coat ColourBiscuit, Cream, White, White and Biscuit Light Golden, Dark Golden, Gold
HypoallergenicYesNo
GroomingHighModerate
TemperamentStubborn, Alert, Friendly, Lively, Intelligent, Sociable, PlayfulTrustworthy, Confident, Friendly, Kind, Intelligent, Reliable
Shedding LevelHighMedium
Health ProblemsHip Dysplasia, Bloat, Pulmonic Stenosis, Diabetes, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)Hemangiosarcoma, Bloat, Allergies, Cataracts, Elbow Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, Hypothyroidism, Hip Dysplasia, Osteochondrosis Dissecans, Osteosarcoma, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), Von Willebrand’s Disease
Samoyed vs Golden Retriever Comparison Table

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever: History

Samoyed History

The Samoyeds got their name from the semi-nomadic Siberian Samoyed people originally from Russia. Being born in a country where cold weather abounds allowed this breed of dog to develop a thick coat that protects it from low temperatures.

For that reason, since their origins, they have been able to carry out certain activities such as hunting in the snow, pulling sleds, herding reindeer, etc.

They are excellent companion dogs that will always please their owners in any activity they require. Samoyeds are very old compared to the large number of dog breeds we can find today.

This breed was first exported to Europe in the late 19th century when Arctic explorers brought them to England. They quickly became very popular, especially among the upper class, including Queen Alexandra of Denmark. In fact, she had claimed that the Samoyed was her favorite breed.

Samoyeds were later exported to the United States. After several years, specifically in 1906, the AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized them as an official breed.

As a curious fact, the first Samoyed to arrive in the United States was called Moustan de Argenteau and was the one they took as a reference to make the breed official.

Golden Retriever History

Golden Retriever History
Golden Retriever History

The Golden Retriever is a dog whose history begins in Scotland. At the time, the Scots wanted a dog capable of retrieving birds on land or in the water after being hunted.

For that reason, Lord Tweedmouth began experimenting with various breeds, including the Tweed Water Spaniel and the Flat-Coated Retriever.

The crossing of these dogs gave rise to the Tweed Water Spaniel. It should be noted that during the following years, other breeds (Irish Setters, Bloodhounds, etc.) were used in this experiment to design a dog capable of catching hunted birds from greater distances.

At the beginning of the 19th century, they were brought to the United States, where they were used both as companion dogs and as hunting dogs and received the name “Golden Retriever” in 1920. Today, it is considered one of the most popular breeds in the world by the AKC.

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever: Physical Characteristics

Samoyed Physical Characteristics

The Samoyed is a medium breed that can reach a maximum size of 60 cm and a weight of 29 kg. Males are characterized by weighing 20-29 kg, while females are 15-22 kg. Regarding size, females can reach a height of 48-53 cm while males 53-60 cm.

Many people love Samoyeds for their beautiful physical appearance. They are characterized by having a medium, powerful and elegant body covered by an extraordinary double-layered coat that protects them from the cold. The outer coat is thick and rough, and the undercoat is short and dense. 

Their coat color can vary; some Samoyeds are white, some are cream, and many others come in a combination of white and biscuit.

Every part of its body is well proportioned, from its wedge-shaped head to its deep and long chest, curly tail, dark eyes, black nose, small triangular ears, etc.

Golden Retriever Physical Characteristics

Golden Retrievers can be considered a medium-large breed as their size can range between 51cm and 61cm and their weight between 25 kg and 36 kg.

Obviously, females and males will not have the same weight and height. A male can reach a weight of 27-36 kg and a length of 56-61 cm, while a female can weigh 25-32 kg and measure 51-56 cm.

One of the reasons Golden Retrievers are known the world over is their beautiful, dense golden coat. These dogs are beautiful in physical appearance as they stand out for having a well-proportioned elongated body in relation to their large head, robust tail, and medium-sized ears.

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever: Personality and Behaviour

Samoyed Personality and Behaviour

Samoyed Personality and Behaviour
Samoyed Personality and Behaviour

Most people love Samoyeds because of their personalities. They are characterized by getting along with everyone, including their loved ones, children, strangers, and other animals. They need socialization training but not as much as other dog breeds.

Remember that Samoyeds were trained to hunt, and although their hunting instincts are minimal, they can still bark at strangers to alert their owners to a possible threat. That does not mean that they are guard or aggressive dogs.

In fact, the friendly and caring personality mentioned above will prompt them to become friends, even with strangers, quickly.

Keep in mind that Samoyeds can also get along with other household pets, but there are some exceptions.

We have mentioned the slight hunting instinct that this breed can exhibit, which can be a problem if you have smaller pets at home. If your Samoyed sees a dog or any smaller animal, its instincts may kick in.

Samoyeds are playful animals that like to spend time playing and exercising. In fact, they tend to get bored easily, so they must be physically and mentally stimulated at all times.

Golden Retriever Personality and Behaviour

Golden Retrievers are noted for their high intelligence and willingness to please their owners. It is for this reason that they are easy dogs to train.

These dogs are very affectionate with their family members and love to play with them all the time, especially with children.

They can also get along with people not part of their family, but it is advisable to socialize them properly. Besides playing, they love to perform any other task or activity, especially if it means pleasing their owners.

Golden Retrievers are not dogs known to be excellent protectors. In fact, they don’t bark constantly, but they might react in strange ways to warn their loved ones about a threat.

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever: Life Expectancy

As we know, not all dog breeds live the same number of years. In addition, some factors, such as food, exercise, care, etc., can influence the longevity of these animals.

Samoyeds are dogs that can live between 12 and 14 years, while Golden Retrievers have a life expectancy of 10-12 years if their lifestyle is proper.