Samoyed vs Chow Chow What’s the Difference

If you look forward to getting a dog in your home, consider breeds of Samoyed or Chow Chow. These two breeds of dogs would fit perfectly into your home depending on how trained they are.  

These breeds of dogs differ by nature. While Samoyed is of Russian descent, Chow Chow is of China. Furthermore, Chow Chow is somewhat aggressive and with little socialization, a die-hard dog. Samoyed is more friendly and very good with children. They are both loyal breeds of dogs. 

All you would need is a little comparison between Samoyed and Chow Chow that will help you determine which is best for your home. 

Fortunately, this article will show you the comparisons between the two dogs, and ultimately, you will be able to choose which is better for you. 

The Samoyed Dog 

Samoyeds are quite large dogs. They have a triangular heads with long hairy tails. They are also called “Sammy Smile” due to the appearance of their mouth which seems like it is always smiling. Continue reading to find out more details about the Samoyed dogs 

History of the Samoyed 

The Samoyed dogs were originally named from the Samoyed people who came to settle in Siberia. Samoyed people were known for their exclusive reliance on reindeer for food.

There was the need for them to move from region to region with these herds and so they utilized strong and incredible spitz dogs for hunting, herding of reindeer while still protecting them.

These spitz dogs are the Samoyed of today. They were treated as relatives and they were able to socialize well with members of the family. They were so friendly that they kept the children warm in bed. They were also used to haul sleds and bears  

There were different colors of Samoyed dogs even till the 1800s when they first came into England. Samoyed was brought to the United States in 1906 from Russia.

At that time, they were known as the best sled dogs and by the 20th century, they became an important part of the sled teams on expeditions.  

After World War II, Samoyeds have continued to be spread all over the world and are quite adaptable to any environmental conditions. 

Samoyed Essence and character 

Samoyed Essence and character
Samoyed Essence and character

One of the features that distinguish Samoyeds from other breeds of dogs is their friendliness. They are a friendly set of dogs that love little children.

They thrive well with humans. Because of their friendliness, they are not good watchdogs. They are gentle dogs and they get along well with other types of dogs and pets.  

They are gentle dogs and not good watchdogs. Furthermore, Samoyeds are quite intelligent and they do are habitual diggers, always wanting a cool place to rest. Also, Samoyeds are good working animals, one of the rare they possess.

They are active dogs wanting to be exercised regularly. They get bored easily and so might give an alarm bark. The common exercise they do include hiking, ball games, swimming, fetch, and so on.  What a social animal they are! 

Appearance of the Samoyed 

Samoyeds are tough dogs with a medium height ranging from 19 to about 24 inches and a weight of about 50 to 65 pounds according to AKC standards. They have cushy plumed tails twisted over the back and hung aside.  

Their head is particularly broad and triangular with small and erect ears. They do have a trademark of being smiling – “Sammy smile”. Samoyeds do have a decent dull shade around the eyes and lips with a white coat.

People are often attracted to the white coat color of the Samoyeds. They have a double coat, in which an undercoat is a form of wool. The tone of the coat could be white, cream, or biscuit color.  

Samoyed Health and Care 

It is often said that “with great power comes great responsibility”. This also applies to the health and care of Samoyeds especially when it comes to caring for their fleecy coat. They are exceptional shedders and it will only take power to achieve the responsibility of prepping them to look and feeling good.

Also, specks of dirt mix up with their double-coated fur which might make their fur look tangled. However, brushing their coats regularly is a critical piece of their care.

Also, because they shed twice a year, brushing becomes an obligation. Professional care also goes a long way for their proficient care. 

Likewise, Samoyeds are active dogs, so, exercising is one way to care for them. Without adequate exercise, they seem frustrated and bored which might make their health complications.

Exercises such as hiking, herding, long walks, fetch, swimming helps the Sammie to become more familiar with their owners. 

On the other side, Samoyeds are also faced with health complications just like humans. They could develop diseases such as diabetes, glaucoma, hereditary kidney diseases, and so on. Their diet and nutrition need to be monitored in case there is a development of weight gain, allergies, and food-borne diseases. 

The Chow Chow Dog

The Chow Chow is one of the ancient dogs in existence up till today. They are often regarded as small lions because of their rough mane-like physical appearance. They have a broad skull and a large head. Here is a brief profile of Chow Chow! 

History of Chow Chow 

It is believed that Chow Chow is of ancient origin. Chow Chow originated from the Northern part of China and was of the first to emerge after the domestication of the dog.

DNA investigation has shown some genomic characteristics to Asia’s indigenous dogs like Akita, Shiba Inu, and so on. They were used as guards to guard the Buddhist temples 

Chow Chow has been known for many functions over the past years. They were well known as working dogs. They were used as hunters, herders, watchdogs, and a lot more. Likewise, this breed of dog has gotten different names in the past.

However, the name “Chow Chow” was a result of some English Merchant in the late 1700s that brought some cargoes from the East which were called “Chow Chow” and the dogs were part of those cargoes. They became popular in England in 1895. 

Also, they were bred for the first time in America around the late 1800s and were recognized by the American Kennel Club some years later.  

Chow Chow Essence and Character 

Chow Chow Essence and Character
Chow Chow Essence and Character

Unlike the Samoyeds, Chow Chow is not social. They are quite aggressive especially to strangers and other breeds of dogs probably because of their ancient characteristics of being watchdogs of the temple. However, they are loyal to their owners  

Also, they are reasonably intelligent, loners, independent, and not quite submissive to instructions especially during training.

Chow Chows show a lot of territorial behavior if not trained properly. Hence, they require an assertive and patient owner that will provide them with all the training set they need. 

Appearance of Chow Chow 

Chow Chow is a sturdily built breed of dogs with about an average height of 20 inches at the shoulder and a strong muscular development with heavy bone.

They possess some physical distinct features such as the presence of a mane-like hair around the head and shoulders, a bluish tongue, pair of almond eyes that give it a snub and aggressive look.  

Also, the body of Chow Chow is rather compact, broad, and deep. The tail is set high and positioned close to the back which is supported with stiff-like strong legs.  

Activities with the Chow Chow 

Chow Chow is not like other kinds of dogs. They do not require special exercises like others. However, they need lots of socialization during their young life.

During this, they might not really yield to instructions. It will take a dedicated and patient trainer to train through some creative activities.   

Chow Chow Health and Care 

One of the ways to care for Chow Chow is by brushing their coats. There are two types of coat. There is the rough-coated Chow Chow and soft-coated Chow Chow.

The rough-coated ones do have a soft and wooly undercoat. They also have a rough mane with thick hair around their shoulders and neck.

Soft-coated ones have short hair. Hence, brushing the becomes an obligation as well. Brushing should be done regularly to prevent tangles especially if they possess a rough coat. Likewise, trimming of their coats, nails should also be part of the care routine. 

Regardless of the routine care given to them, there are also faced with health challenges. They can develop complications such as hip dysplasia, entropion, gastric dilation-volvulus, and so on.

The feeding pattern must also be monitored in case they are ingesting too much which might result in food-related illness. They should however be supplied with fresh water and food daily 

Samoyeds vs Chow Chow: a side-by-side comparison 

Features Samoyeds Chow Chow 
Breed Type Purebred Purebred 
Lifespan 10 – 12 years 12 – 15 years 
Height 19 – 23[Equation] inches 17 – 20 inches 
Weight 35 – 65 pounds 40 – 75 pounds 
Intelligence Very high Fairly 
Origin Russia / Siberia Northern China 
Personality Graceful, loving  Aggressive, affectionate 
Shedding Medium Medium 
Functions Family dog Watchdog 


If you prefer Samoyeds to Chow Chow, be ready to have a very large-sized family due to their characteristics of being graceful.

However, choosing a Chow Chow over a Samoyed will require you to be quite assertive to help them in their training so that they can prove affectionate while they grow. Enjoy! 

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