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Samoyed vs American Eskimo What’s the Difference 

Between two breeds of dogs similar in appearance, which of the two would you choose?

This is one of the doubts that most people have while selecting a new pet. If there are two identical or almost identical dogs in physical appearance, it is normal to hesitate when adopting or buying one.

Samoyed vs American Eskimo

Keep in mind that when choosing a pet of this type, you should not only consider its physical appearance. Some other important aspects and characteristics can differentiate both breeds of dogs.

For example, personality, behavior, abilities, or energy level may make one of those breeds more suitable for you than the other.

Next, we will know a little about the Samoyeds and the American Eskimos:

The Samoyed is known for its great elegance and beautiful double-layered coat that can be cream-colored or mainly pure white. This breed was bred to carry out different activities, such as herding and hunting.

The personality that characterizes a Samoyed is that of a friendly dog ​​that can get along not only with its family members but also with people and animals that are not part of it.

The American Eskimo is a faithful and familiar canine that needs to spend time with its loved ones. This breed is brilliant and can be very stubborn.

These dogs need socialization from puppies so they can get along with strangers and other animals. There are three types of American Eskimos according to their size:

  • Toys
  • Miniature
  • Standard

Samoyed vs American Eskimo Comparison Table


SamoyedAmerican Eskimo
Origin CountryRussiaUnited States, Germany
SizeMedium3 Types (Toy, Miniature, and Standard)
Height48 cm – 60 cmToy: 22 cm – 30 cm Miniature: 30 cm – 40 cm Standard: 40 cm – 50 cm
Weight15 kg – 29 kgToy: 3 kg – 5 kg Miniature: 5 kg – 8 kg Standard: 8 kg – 16 kg
Lifespan12 – 14 Years12 – 14 Years
Energy LevelHighHigh
Coat TypesDouble CoatDouble Coat
Coat TextureStraightStraight
Coat ColourBiscuit, Cream, White, White, and Biscuit White, Biscuit, Cream, White, and Biscuit
HypoallergenicYesNo
GroomingHighMedium-High
TemperamentStubborn, Alert, Friendly, Lively, Intelligent, Sociable, PlayfulProtective, Alert, Friendly, Energetic, Intelligent, Independent
Shedding LevelHighHigh
Health ProblemsHip Dysplasia, Bloat, Pulmonic Stenosis, Diabetes, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)Diabetes, Patellar Luxation, Cataracts, Hip Dysplasia, Legg-perthes Disease, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Samoyed vs American Eskimo Comparison Table

Samoyed vs American Eskimo: History

Samoyed History

Samoyed History
Samoyed History

The Samoyeds originated in Russia, and their name comes from the Samoyedic ethnic groups. Throughout history, they have been characterized by their willingness to carry out tasks and jobs in the snow, whether hunting, herding, pulling sleds, etc.

In fact, they were the most used dogs in that area during that time. That allowed them to be considered good companions by more people, making them more popular.

Samoyeds were exported to other countries in Europe by Arctic explorers. In fact, the first country they arrived in was England at the end of the 19th century.

These dogs became extremely popular with people of high class, including Queen Alexandra of Denmark, who considered this breed to be one of the most amazing and beautiful she had ever seen.

As Samoyeds grew in popularity, they continued to be exported to other countries until they reached the United States, where the AKC legally registered them in 1906.

American Eskimo History

The American Eskimo was born in Germany and not in America, as many people believe. These dogs are descendants of the German Spitz dogs. Actually, these dogs were brought to the United States in the 19th century by German immigrants, and this is where they became the American Eskimos.

Keep in mind that the German Spitz dogs were characterized by having an appearance similar to the American Eskimos of today.

Its pointed ears, curly tail, and thick fur are quite distinctive characteristics of this breed that today we can compare with those of an American Eskimo. Thanks to the evolution of that breed, its fur became completely white.

At that time, these dog breeds became very popular, and one of the main reasons is that one of the most famous dogs in history, known as Pierre, was an American Eskimo, which was used as a tightrope walker in a circus.

Many people don’t know why today’s American Eskimos stopped being known as German Spitz dogs.

The reason is that during the First World War, there was great contempt for the majority of Germans, and it was not believed correct to keep this name for this breed, which is why it was decided to change the name to “American Eskimo.”

The official standard for this breed was established in 1970. Despite the long history of these dogs, they were only recognized by the AKC in 1995, but for that, it was necessary to create the American Eskimo Dog Club of America ten years earlier.

Samoyed vs American Eskimo: Physical Characteristics

Samoyed Physical Characteristics

The Samoyed dog breed is characterized by its well-proportioned medium size. The range of size and weight that these canines can reach according to their sex are:

  • Males: 53-60 cm and 20-29 kg
  • Females: 48-53 cm and 15-22 kg

As we said at the beginning, one of the main distinguishing physical characteristics of the Samoyed is its double-layered coat.

We can say that the inner layer is dense, short, and silky, and the outer layer is thicker and rougher. Currently, you can only find Samoyeds in 3 colors:

  • White
  • Cream
  • White and Biscuit

As for the rest of the physical characteristics of a Samoyed, we can say that it has a robust but at the same time elegant body, a wedge-shaped and well-proportioned head, a retracted belly, a long chest, small and triangular ears.

Eyes are Almond-shaped dark brown, a black nose but with the possibility of varying hue depending on the season, and a usually curled tail covered with fur.

American Eskimo Physical Characteristics

American Eskimo Physical Characteristics
American Eskimo Physical Characteristics

The American Eskimo has 3 size varieties:

  • Toy American Eskimo: 3-5 kg and 22-30 cm
  • Miniature American Eskimo: 5-8 kg and 30-40 cm
  • Standard American Eskimo: 8-16 kg and 40-50 cm

The thick, gleaming white coat of these canines is well-known. Their fluffy coats are actually two coats: a dense undercoat and a longer outer coat that need to be brushed frequently to keep shedding to a minimum.

The abundance of hair around their chest and shoulders can give them a furiously cute lion appearance, and their black noses, lips, and eyes show out against their light coat, giving them an appealing and friendly appearance.

American Eskimos usually wear beautiful white coats; however, cream-colored markings are occasionally seen. Their robust, compact, and muscular frames allow them to perform agility abilities, and they walk with an endearingly confident and graceful gait.

Their upright fur-tufted ears, elegantly plumed tails carried over their back, and eye-catching coloration communicate intelligence and command instant attention.

Samoyed vs American Eskimo: Personality and Behaviour

Samoyed Personality and Behaviour

Samoyeds love to get along with their human family members, including children, making them great family pets.

In fact, they can also behave well and politely with strangers and other animals as long as they receive proper socialization and obedience training.

You just have to be careful not to leave them with smaller pets, as remember that these dogs were bred to be hunters in the past, and although their hunting instinct is minimal, it could manifest itself at any time.

These dogs tend to get bored easily, so they must be exercised and trained daily to be healthy and happy. You must remember that Samoyeds are very energetic, so they will be ideal for families with an active lifestyle.

Despite not being the best breed to act as a guard dog, it has excellent abilities that allow it to alert its owners to an intruder or imminent threat.

Samoyeds will bark loudly to let you know that something is not right. With good training, they can become excellent protectors.

American Eskimo Personality and Behaviour

The American Eskimo is a brave and clever dog. It enjoys playing and exercising with its owners and other members of its human family, yet it may be wary of strangers.

American Eskimos need to be able to let off steam and exercise their active minds daily. These dogs are characterized by their high energy level and destructiveness, especially when hungry.

They can quickly become bored, leading to destructive behaviors such as biting or barking.

A competent owner who can take charge of training and directing the powerful American Eskimos is also required. However, because it understands quickly, training is both enjoyable and fruitful.

Samoyed vs American Eskimo: Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of both dog breeds is similar. While the Samoyed can live 12-14 years, it is estimated that the American Eskimo can have a life expectancy of 12-15 years.

Obviously, that number of years is variable since, in the end, these canines will live more or less depending on the quality of life that their owners provide.