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French Bulldog vs English Bulldog What’s the Difference

The Bulldog is an easily recognizable small dog breed. With their uniquely short snout and large, square head, you can’t mistake a Bulldog for anything else!

You’re not alone if you’re curious about the difference between an English Bulldog and a French Bulldog. Many people are unaware of the differences since they look so similar.

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog

To help you decide which dog is right for you, we’ll outline the main things that set them apart in this.

Read on to find out more about these two dog breeds!

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog Comparison Table


French Bulldog English Bulldog
Size11-13″ tall14-15″ tall
Weight17-28 lbs40-50 lbs
ColorBrindle, fawn, white, cream, or white with patches of brindleRed, white, brindle, fawn, piebald
TrainabilityStubborn, and can be hard to trainA bit challenging to train
IntelligenceAverageAverage
Friendliness with strangersFriendlyFriendly and patient, even with children
Friendliness with other dogsUsually good with other dogsAverage with other dogs
Exercise needsAverage exercise needsModerate exercise needs
Lifespan10-12 years8-10 years
French Bulldog vs English Bulldog Comparison Table

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog: History

While they look similar, these two small, wrinkly dogs obviously originate from different places, as their names imply. Let’s take a brief look at their histories. 

French Bulldog History

As far back as the nineteenth century, Bulldogs were brought to France by their owners. The small dogs became popular with the French, who began breeding the breed with other dogs, possibly including Pugs and terriers.

This breeding led to them developing their trademark bat ears. Over time, as the breed became more popular in Paris, the breed became seen as a symbol of high-class Paris life.

Eventually, around 1900, the French Bulldog (or ‘Frenchie’) was so popular that it was brought to America. 

English Bulldog History

The English Bulldog goes back a long way, likely first bred in the 13th century in England. Sadly, it was probably bred for violent sports, and the Bulldog of this era was much larger, more aggressive, and stronger than modern Bulldogs.

English Bulldog Breed
English Bulldog Breed

When England banned these barbaric sports in the mid-19th century, the Bulldog faced the risk of going extinct. Thankfully, dog breeders took on the massive task of breeding the aggression out of the Bulldog

This more mellow and family-friendly English Bulldog became popular. Eventually, it was brought over to America and recognized by the AKC.

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog: Temperament

English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs share a lot of traits, but how do they differ in terms of personality?

French Bulldog Temperament

French Bulldogs are playful and happy, maybe even more so than English Bulldogs. They can also be stubborn, however. 

Since French Bulldogs sometimes play a bit rough, they’re not necessarily recommended for families with young children. Still, they are very people-oriented and friendly.
They’re so people-oriented, in fact, that they can develop separation anxiety if left alone for more than a few hours per day. 

English Bulldog Temperament

An English Bulldog is kind, brave, and calm. They’re not an aggressive breed, thanks to the work of breeders who removed that trait from them over the decades.

Like their French counterparts, they can be stubborn. 

English Bulldogs are good with children and are often chosen as a family pet for this reason. They also tend to get along well with other pets. 

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog: Grooming

Nobody likes cleaning up dog hair all over the house, which is why these two dogs are a good choice for busy homes.

French Bulldog Grooming

French Bulldogs are easy to groom. Their short coat doesn’t shed much, and you can simply brush them once per week to keep their coat healthy. 

Brush their teeth regularly to promote good dental hygiene. 

English Bulldog Grooming

English Bulldogs, like Frenchies, need brushing about two or three times per week to keep them looking their best. 

During the change of season, they may shed a bit more than usual.

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog: Training

Both of these dogs have average intelligence and can be stubborn. But which one is easier to train? 

French Bulldog Training

French Bulldogs, as we mentioned earlier, can be stubborn. Still, they’re very people-oriented and like to please their owners, so they’re not too difficult to train.

We recommend puppy training lessons to help them learn how to behave from a young age. Reward your French Bulldog with treats and praise to promote good behavior. 

English Bulldog Training

English Bulldogs like pleasing their owner but can also be stubborn. Again, puppy lessons are a good idea for these dogs. 

English Bulldogs love playing tug-of-war and chewing on chew toys, but it’s essential to train them to release on command. 

You should also try to teach them from a young age to accept you taking food from their bowl; otherwise, he or she may become protective of their food. 

French Bulldog vs English Bulldog: Health

Both of these breeds have flat faces, which can complicate their health. Due to selective breeding, both breeds, unfortunately, have more health complications than other dogs. 

French Bulldog Health

The French Bulldog cannot swim. That’s a very important thing to remember! Never leave your Frenchie near a pool, lake, or any other body of water unattended. 

French Bulldog Breed
French Bulldog Breed

This is because they’re built with a heavy front and short legs, which make it impossible for them to swim. 

Sadly, due to their flat snout, French Bulldogs are also prone to developing breathing problems. This is especially true in hot or humid places, which also causes snoring and loud breathing. 

For these reasons, we don’t recommend French Bulldogs to people living in hot, humid climates. 

French Bulldogs are also at risk of cherry eye and skin allergies. 

English Bulldog Health

Like their French counterparts, English Bulldogs should not be kept in hot climates without water, shade, and air conditioning. Even slight exercise can put them at risk of overheating.

Once again, this is a result of their short, flat face.

English Bulldogs commonly have hip and joint problems, which can worsen if overweight. Sadly, both the English and French Bulldogs are prone to weight gain.

Conclusion: French Bulldogs vs English Bulldogs

Overall, these are two similar-looking dogs with important differences to consider before you adopt one. The French Bulldog is slightly easier to groom, has more energy, and is a bit smaller than the English Bulldog.

On the other hand, English Bulldogs tend to be more mellow and better for families with children.

Because of their proneness to health problems, either dog breed can be costly in the long run due to vet visits. If neither dog seems to suit your needs, remember that there are many dogs in shelters available to be adopted! 

We hope this article has helped you learn the differences between English and French Bulldogs!