It is usual for many families to decide to acquire several pets for pleasure, feelings of loneliness, or the benefits they offer both from the physical and emotional point of view.
There are different animal species that can be adopted as pets. Some of them are dogs, cats, birds, rodents, snakes, etc. However, the first ones are the most common in many homes in the world.
There are a lot of dog breeds that have distinctive characteristics that allow them to be differentiated from each other. For example, some have a particular physical appearance, while others are distinguished mainly by their temperament, personality, behavior, or abilities. In this case, we will talk about Samoyed dogs to learn everything related to this animal.
The Samoyed is an ancient breed that was used by nomadic peoples mainly to herd and care for reindeer. However, they were also used for hunting. These dogs are characterized by having an elegant, strong, and graceful appearance.
They have a beautiful two-layered coat: the outer one is dense, straight, and rough, while the inner one is soft and short. This breed can be white or cream.
Regarding these canines’ personalities, we can say that they are affectionate and friendly who love to be with their loved ones and get along well with children, strangers, and other animals, especially if they receive socialization training.
Although the Samoyeds were used for hunting in their origins, the truth is that their instincts in this regard are minimal. However, they are intelligent dogs that will understand what is right and what is wrong.
When we have an animal of this type, we must ensure that we provide a suitable lifestyle. Some breeds of canines are characterized by having a high level of physical activity while others do not.
Regardless of that, all dogs need to receive socialization and obedience training. However, depending on the type of canine, it will have to be trained in other facets.
What Do You Need to Know about the Samoyeds?
We have already mentioned above certain relevant characteristics about these dogs. However, it is necessary to know more in-depth each aspect of this canine. It is not enough to know its physical appearance or personality, but it is also necessary to have knowledge about its exercise routine, diet, grooming, etc.
One of the most important aspects that we must know before acquiring any dog is its size. That is because certain families prefer smaller animals while others prefer larger ones.
The first thing we have to know is that the Samoyed is a medium-sized dog. The male of this breed has a height that varies between 53 cm and 59 cm, while the female measures between 30 cm and 53 cm. Regarding the weight of a Samoyed, we can say that males weigh between 20 kg and 29 kg while females between 15 kg and 22 kg.
Samoyed Physical Appearance
The Samoyed dog has a strong, graceful, and elegant appearance. The body of this canine is muscular and compact and is characterized by having a coat made up of two layers.
The undercoat is short, dense, and soft, while the outer one is rough, straight, and thick. In the olden days, this dog came in different colors, but now we can only find white, white, and biscuits or cream Samoyeds.
It should be noted that the head of this dog is wedge-shaped and well proportioned in relation to its body. Its chest is broad, long, and deep while its belly is retracted. The eyes of this canine are dark brown and almond-shaped.
Its nose is black, although it can lose its pigment in certain seasons of the year. The Samoyed has small, triangular, upright ears. This dog’s tail is covered in fur and normally curls over its back.
Samoyed Personality and Temperament
This dog is characterized by being gentle, sweet, affectionate, and friendly to people, especially its owners and members of its human family. Unlike other dogs, Samoyeds can get along well with children and other animals. They can also get along with strangers, but they may need socialization training depending on their personality.
It should be noted that Samoyeds are lively and alert dogs that will bark loudly if a stranger approaches them or their home. These dogs will try to warn their owners about a possible threat or danger.
However, we have to keep in mind that Samoyeds are not watchdogs. Although they can bark at strangers, they may quickly become friends with them due to their cheerful and trustworthy personalities.
We have said before that this breed of dog could get along well with other animals. However, it will need socialization training, especially if it lives with smaller animals. That’s because Samoyeds were bred as hunting dogs so their hunting instincts could show up at any time.
They are very intelligent dogs that need to do something to keep themselves entertained as they tend to get bored easily. They are active and energetic canines who enjoy spending the day with their family doing any physical activity.
The Samoyed is a dog with a lot of hair, so its coat should be maintained frequently. Generally, this canine’s coat should be brushed at least 3 times a week to prevent it from getting tangled and dirty. However, when shedding times come, it is necessary to brush its coat daily. Samoyeds brushing sessions usually last about an hour.
A dog of this type should be bathed when necessary as they do not tend to have a bad odor. The most advisable thing is to do it 1 or 2 times a month. The easiest way to do this is by placing your Samoyed in a bathtub.
As with any other dog, it is essential to keep the ears of our Samoyed clean since if we do not do it, they could expel a bad smell and could cause an infection or health problem. We must do the same with its teeth.
In addition, it is important to regularly cut our pet’s nails not only to prevent it from feeling uncomfortable when walking but also so that it does not damage the floor of our house.
This dog has high exercise needs. As we have already said before, Samoyeds are characterized by being active and energetic. Therefore, they need to be physically active on a daily basis to stay happy and healthy.
It should be noted that they require not only physical stimulation but also mental. Walks, games, or skill training are some activities that you can carry out together with your furry pet.
You could give your Samoyed 2-3 walks a day. Similarly, it is important that you develop a weekly exercise routine made up of different physical activities.
These dogs are excellent for life in the country or spacious houses. They can also be in apartments, but you should make sure you give them enough daily exercise.
Being an active and energetic dog, it is necessary that we provide it with a diet appropriate to its lifestyle. We can do this with the help of a veterinarian in case we do not have enough experience.
It is important that a Samoyed’s diet is balanced and based on nutrients and vitamins to provide it with the energy it needs. The most advisable thing is to opt for homemade and high-quality food according to its needs.
A Samoyed’s diet can be customized depending on its lifestyle, but generally speaking, it should be between 12% and 15% fat and between 22% and 24% protein.
If you notice that your Samoyed is gaining weight at any time, you should modify its diet.
Like any breed of dog, the Samoyed has a predisposition to certain diseases or health problems. It should be noted that many of them are of genetic origin. Many times these diseases can affect a dog of this type due to fate or simply due to poor care.
Some common diseases that affect Samoyeds are:
- Atrial septal defect (ASD)
- Corneal dystrophy
- Dermatosis due to adrenal sex hormone sensitivity
- Familial kidney disease
- Hyp dysplasia
- Myasthenia gravis
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Retinal dysplasia
- Sebaceous adenitis
- Shaker syndrome
- Spina bifida
- Subaortic stenosis
Regardless of your experience in caring for dogs, you have to take your pet to the vet every 6 months for a general examination. Also, if you acquire a Samoyed puppy, you should not forget its vaccination and deworming.
Samoyed Life Expectancy
Dogs can live for many years, even longer than they should. However, that will depend on various factors. Generally, a dog of this breed can live between 12 and 14 years, although they could live more or less depending on their diet, lifestyle, and general care.