5 Common Mouth Conditions in Dogs

5 Common Mouth Conditions in Dogs

Dental diseases in dogs are common and can affect oral health and your dogs’ physical health. Therefore, it is up to you to keep a look at your dog and uncover if there is any hidden periodontal disease.

This disease always shows symptoms at advanced stages and is often referred to as ”The Silent Killer”.


The periodontal disease might not show any symptoms at first. But with progression, it affects the gums, teeth, and jaws of a dog and ultimately destroys it.

It attacks the tissues surrounding teeth, known as periodontal tissues. Caused due to a bacteria called ”Periodontitis”. 

Know your dog’s breed

When you adopt a dog, it is better to run an analysis of its health as well. It will help you get to know your pet in more detail so that you can give your pet a better lifestyle.

We curated a few common dental problems associated with dog breeds that you might want to know;

Dental DiseasesDog Breeds
Fractured or Worn TeethLabradors, Shepherds, 
Delayed Tooth Eruption Shih Tzus, Lhasa Apsos, Maltese, and Havanese
Overbiteshelties, dachshunds, German shepherds, Russian wolfhounds, Collies
Gingival HyperplasiaBoxers, Great Danes, Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Collies
Periodontal DiseaseToy Poodles, King Charles Spaniels, Greyhounds
OvercrowdingMaltese, Poodles, Yorkshire terriers, Lhasa Apsos, Shih Tzus, Pomeranians
Periodontal PocketsBoxers, Great Danes, Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Collies
Dental Diseases Per Dog Breed Table

Boxers are above all regarding dental health problems. Unfortunately, they are prone to countless dental issues. You can get a better insight about your boxer in this article. While speaking of dental issues, let’s not forget that your fluff’s physical health equally matters. 

One of the most common problems in dogs is skin infections or allergic dermatitis, and certain dogs are more prone to matting like; a Goldendoodle, Poodle, or a Bishon. We have a list of perfect brushes for doodles, so you can rest assured buy the best product for your canine partner!

Periodontal Disease Symptoms

It is a bit hard to look for a symptom in the beginning. However, there are some that you can look out for, which include;

  • Bloody saliva
  • Loose Teeth
  • Blood on water bowl or chew toys
  • Red or Puffy gums
  • Aggressive behavioral change
  • Bad breath
  • lumps in mount (or bumps)
  • Head shyness (not letting anyone near their head)
  • chew from one side of the mouth
  • Sneezing
  • Receding gums may be seen
  • hesitant to brush due to pain
  • Weight loss and reduced appetite
  • Drooling more than usual

By staying mindful of these symptoms, you can identify a disease before it proceeds to an advanced stage and may save your pet from further pain.

Type Of Dental Issues

Here we have discussed the top 5 most common dental disorders so that you can uplift your level of pet-parenting:

  1. Canine stomatitis: Also known as ulcerative stomatitis. It is the inflammation of the mucous lining of the mouth. It is a painful condition, and your dog will have difficulty chewing. The characteristic feature is a sore area where the lips connect with the tooth surface.

Dental plaques in dogs are often defeated by the immune system. WBCs are sent to fight these foreign bodies. When this inflammatory response exceeds, it results in canine stomatitis. 

Brushing teeth is the most common health advice, but in this case, brushing is next to impossible. If you suspect your dog has this disease, connect with your vet for proper care and medication.

  1. Oral Warts: Papillomavirus is the virus responsible for Oral warts. It is not a painful disease and usually disappears spontaneously in a few weeks. But they are contagious and may transfer from one dog to another through licking faces.

If these warts are present in groups, a dog may bite into one while chewing on something, resulting in bleeding and infection of warts and leading to severe conditions, but these are rare cases. Surgical removal is not always necessary. 

Meanwhile, vaccines are also available to prevent this disease. These warts usually appear in dogs at a very young age, and on re-occurrence, the immune system fights them off.

  1. Gingivitis: A common mouth condition in dogs is the inflammation of the gums. The early stage of this disease is called Periodontal disease. It is caused by a bacterium that thrives on the accumulated plaque and tartar. 

The most obvious sign to detect this condition is bad breath and inflamed gums.

Regular teeth brushing at home and an occasional professional teeth cleaning can prevent this disease. While chew toys and treats are also helpful in removing this plaque. 

Your dog’s annual check-up should also include a thorough look into their mouths. Since this is the most found disease in dogs, it’s better to know about it in complete detail

  1. Oral tumor: Tumours can be of two types, benign or malignant. They can occur anywhere in the mouth but are most commonly found at the back of the throat. Benign tumors are not harmful. 

However, it is removed if they take up too much space in the dog’s mouth and create discomfort while eating. A malignant tumor, on the other hand, is life-threatening and requires immediate treatment. 

It begins as a small tumor growth inside the mouth, which spreads readily. Difficulty swallowing, bad breath, and drooling are common signs of this disease. The tumor itself can bleed too. A biopsy is usually required for a complete diagnosis.

  1. Tooth Resorption: Tooth resorption is a tooth abnormality. These develop at the pet’s neck or base of a tooth, specifically the premolar of the lower jaw. Tooth resorption is categorized as either internal or external resorption.

The exact cause is unknown, but this disease causes erosion of the teeth inviting oral bacteria to invade. Teeth resorption is painful, and the dog may experience trembling of the jaw when the lesions are touched. 

Difficulty eating, oral bleeding, salivation, or fractured tooth are some symptoms of Tooth resorption. Once a complete tooth is eroded, tooth extraction becomes necessary.

Conclusion

There are several dental conditions in dogs, just as in humans, which require a professional check-up and treatment.

An annual dog check-up should include an oral inspection to ensure good health and prevent any of these painful conditions. We do not hope any dog would have to go through this. 

We also suggest that everyone get in-depth information about their dog breeds, mixes, or comparison; so they can opt for a dog that is suitable to their lifestyle. This way, you can offer them a good healthy life and be aware of the disease they are prone to.