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Samoyed Breed Information and Personality Traits 

It is usual for many families to acquire several pets for pleasure, feelings of loneliness, or the benefits they offer both from physical and emotional points of view. However, others will try to acquire one for the first time. 

When a person is going to acquire a pet, the first thing he has to decide is its species. As we know, many families buy or adopt different types of animals. Some of them are dogs, cats, birds, rodents, snakes, etc. However, the first ones are the most common in many homes worldwide. 

Samoyed Breed Information and Personality Traits 

There are many breeds of dogs in the world, and each has different characteristics. Samoyeds are quite a peculiar and interesting kind of dog. 

The Samoyed is an ancient breed that was used by nomadic peoples mainly to herd and care for reindeer. However, they were also used for hunting.

These dogs are characterized by having an elegant, strong, and graceful appearance. They have a beautiful two-layered coat: the outer one is dense, straight, and rough, while the inner one is soft and short. This breed can be white or cream. 

Regarding these canines’ personalities, we can say that they are affectionate and friendly who love to be with their loved ones, and get along well with children, strangers, and other animals, especially if they receive socialization training.

Although the Samoyeds were used for hunting in their origins, the truth is that their instincts in this regard are minimal. They are intelligent dogs that will understand what is right and what is wrong. 

Samoyed Information Table

Other Names Smiley, Sammy, Sam 
Origin  Russia 
Dog Type Working 
Size Males are between 53 cm and 60 cm tall, while females measures between 48 cm and 53 cm. 
Weight Males weigh between 20 kg and 29 kg, while females between 15 kg and 22 kg. 
Coat  Straight 
Lifespan 12 – 14 Years 
Samoyed Information Table 

How to Groom a Samoyed at Home?

Because the Samoyed is a canine with a lot of hair, it has to have its coat groomed regularly. This dog’s coat should be brushed at least three times a week to keep it from becoming tangled and unclean.

When shedding season arrives, however, it is vital to brush the canine’s coat daily. Brushing sessions with Samoyeds normally last around one hour. 

This kind of dog does not have a terrible odor and should only be bathed when necessary. It’s best to perform it once or twice a month at the most. Placing your Samoyed in a bathtub is the easiest way to achieve this. 

Our Samoyed’s ears, like those of any other dog, must be kept clean because if they are not, they may emit a foul odor and create an infection or other health problem. We’ll have to do the same thing with its teeth.

Furthermore, it is critical to trim our pet’s nails regularly, not only to avoid making it feel uncomfortable when walking but also to avoid damaging our home’s flooring. 

Are Samoyeds Hypoallergenic?

The Samoyed has a double-layered coat with a short, dense, soft undercoat and a rough, straight, thick outside fur. These coats are meant to keep Samoyeds warm during the Siberian winters, as these animals live and labor outside in the bitter cold.

It’s also important not to shave their coat because it provides appropriate insulation against the summer heat. 

Despite their coats, we may claim that Samoyeds are hypoallergenic dogs. The Samoyed fur sheds at different times of the year. The best technique to deal with this significant shed is to increase regular brushing outside over the days/weeks as the old hair falls out.

Although these animals sweat a lot, they are considered a hypoallergenic breed, which means they are less likely to cause problems for people who have dog allergies. 

They’re not like most hypoallergenic dogs in that they’re medium to large and fluffy, whereas most hypoallergenic dogs are smaller and have curled or straight hair. Dandruff and saliva can also make people’s allergies worse. Despite this, Samoyeds produce less of both than other breeds. 

Because no dog is entirely hypoallergenic, it is always possible for an allergic person to be hurt by it. Hypoallergenic simply means that it is less likely to cause allergic reactions. 

The degree to which a Samoyed can affect you is determined by your sensitivity as well as the dog’s characteristics. Simply put, your immune system determines whether or not a Samoyed will help you with your allergies. 

How Much Exercise Does a Samoyed Need?

This dog needs a lot of exercise. Samoyeds are known for being lively and energetic dogs. Therefore, they must engage in daily physical activity to be happy and healthy.

It should be mentioned that these canines require both physical and mental stimulation. Walks, games, and skill training are some activities you can do with your furry companion. 

How much exercise a Samoyed needs is determined by its age and size. It’s important to remember that a dog of this breed without a completely formed physique cannot get the same amount of activity as an adult Samoyed. In general, this breed of dog should get between 30 minutes and 1 hour of daily exercise. 

You should not give your Samoyed puppy much activity during the first few months of its life. That is because it is in full growth and development. Its bones and muscles aren’t built to handle an hour or more of exercise per day.

We must give our Samoyed half an hour of exercise when it is six months old. It is not recommended that our puppy exercises on a daily basis because this may overstress its muscles and bones, resulting in future difficulties. 

After Samoyeds reaches the age of six months, we can begin providing daily 30-minute walks. You can take it for walks in various locations of your own neighborhood to get used to the surroundings.

You can gradually increase the quantity of exercise you offer your Samoyed and the difficulty of each exercise each month. 

When this breed of dog reaches adulthood, it will require at least 40 minutes to an hour of daily exercise. Because of the great level of physical activity that these animals exhibit, many people advice a two-hour daily routine. 

How Long Do Samoyed Dogs Live?

The average life expectancy of a Samoyed varies between 12 and 14 years. It should be noted that said time will depend on certain factors such as diet, physical activity, mental stimulation, genetics, and quality of life in general. 

Is Samoyed a Good Family Dog?

Is Samoyed a Good Family Dog? 

The Samoyed dog has proven to be a suitable and attractive companion for a family. The Samoyed is a happy, caring dog with a positive and stimulating attitude toward everyone in its life, particularly it’s family and owner. It is a loyal, intelligent, and caring dog. 

This dog is well-known for being gentle, sweet, friendly, and pleasant to its owners and human family members. Unlike other breeds of dogs, Samoyeds get along well with children and other pets. They can also get along with outsiders; however, socialization training may be required depending on their personality. 

A Samoyed’s aptitude as a suitable family dog is determined by various factors, including its temperament and grooming. 

When is Samoyed Full Grown?

As the owner of such a dog, you must understand that the size will be affected by various factors, including diet, care, exercise, etc. 

Now, it is vital to know the growth (weight) of the Samoyed and according to its age: 

  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 10.7 kg and 15.2 kg while a female between 8.6 kg and 10.6 kg at 4 months of age. 
  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 14.7 kg and 21.2 kg while a female between 11.9 kg and 14.7 kg at 6 months of age. 
  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 17.4 kg and 25.6 kg while a female between 14 kg and 17.4 kg at 8 months of age. 
  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 18.7 kg and 27.9 kg while a female between 15.2 kg and 21.8 kg at 10 months of age. 
  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 19.7 kg and 29.1 kg while a female between 15.5 kg and 21.9 kg at 12 months of age. 
  • A male Samoyed will weigh between 20.1 kg and 30 kg while a female between 15.8 kg and 22 kg at 14 months of age. 

Do Samoyed Dogs Shed?

It’s typical for all canines to shed more in the spring and autumn. Dogs with double coats, such as Samoyeds, have it a lot worse. Excessive shedding occurs twice per year in Samoyeds. In the dog-owning world, this is referred to as “blowing coats,” which is only seen in double-coated canine breeds. 

A Samoyed will probably begin shedding its lighter summer coat in the autumn in anticipation of the winter cold. Shedding is required to achieve a thicker, warmer fur. When spring arrives, the Samoyed will begin to shed its thick winter coat in anticipation of the milder summer months. 

When to Bathe a Samoyed?

Bathing is recommended for this breed at least once every six months, and bathing older Samoyeds every three months is recommended. All this will depend on your Samoyed age to determine how many times a year you should schedule their baths. 

You don’t need to bathe your dog more than twice a year if it is young and healthy unless your pet goes outside and comes back covered in mud. Obviously, you should not leave it dirty in such a case. 

It is recommended that you increase the frequency with which you bathe your Samoyed as it grows older. You should, for example, perform it every three months rather than every six months.

That’s because as your pet ages, its natural oils start to wear off, necessitating more frequent bathing. 

There are many places where you can bathe a Samoyed dog. The most recommended are: 

  • A kiddie pool 
  • A special table for grooming dogs 
  • The bathtub of the house 
  • The backyard of the house 

Should Samoyeds Be Shaved?

Grooming a Samoyed is essential, especially for its coat. We must ensure that this dog’s coat is fluffy, clean, and attractive. However, this type of care is necessary not only to maintain our Samoyed’s exquisite physical appeal but also to avoid health concerns. 

To keep this dog’s coat from becoming dirty and tangled, brush it at least three times a week. We’ll have to do that every day throughout the shedding season. 

It’s crucial to note that many people believe that grooming a canine (of any breed) includes cutting or shaving its coat, which is correct. However, certain dogs, such as the Samoyed, should not be subjected to this procedure. 

A Samoyed’s coat must not be shaved since its hair protects it from extreme weather by isolating either heat or cold. That way, it can protect its skin from harmful UV rays.

This type of fur serves a unique purpose: it regulates the animal’s body temperature based on the current climate. 

Samoyeds Be Service Dogs?   

Samoyeds aren’t known for their ability to serve. They were primarily bred for herding. However, these types of dogs are becoming more popular as emotional therapy canines. Samoyeds are exceptionally gentle with both kids and seniors. 

With diligent application, the Samoyed can learn different abilities and be trained specifically for service duties, thanks to their extraordinary learning capacity. 

Samoyeds can be taught to perform a number of basic service functions. That is due to their inherent capacity for these tasks, which can be improved further with additional specialized obedience training: 

  • People with hearing difficulties may benefit greatly from Samoyeds. Because of the Samoyed’s alert and agile temperament, this dog may be trained to warn its owners of noise signals such as alarms, doorbells, and even crying newborns. 
  • They can serve as good psychiatric care dogs by assisting patients with psychological issues such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. 

How Do Samoyeds Show Affection? 

How Do Samoyeds Show Affection?  

Some dog breeds aren’t quite as affectionate as others. In this situation, Samoyeds are social dogs, particularly with their owners and human family members, but they may also get along with strangers, children, and other animals. 

Not all Samoyeds are as affectionate as others, as it relies on a variety of factors like their lifestyle, the love they get from their family group, and the respect for their territory, among others.

Dogs, in general, have personalities that are similar to human temperaments. It should be noted that some canines are sociable and affectionate, while others are distant and independent. 

Samoyeds tend to do certain specific things to show affection, such as: 

Lick You

When Samoyeds, like any other dog, want to express affection and love, they lick. Although not all Samoyeds behave this way, it is still a lovely way for them to show their love. It’s important to remember that your dog will shower you with saliva, so be ready. 

Move Its Tail

The tail of your Samoyed can reflect many emotions, such as joy, fear, or the fact that they are about to attack. While wagging tails can be a friendly indication for dogs, a rigid tail over their back is not welcoming and serves as a warning signal.

They are happy and excited when they move their whole body, hold their tail mid-height, and make circling gestures. 

Follow You

No dog enjoys being left alone, especially for a long time. Samoyeds like spending time with their owners and other members of their human families. When you notice it following you, it’s because your dog wants to be near you and spend time with you.  

Look into Your Eyes

It has been proven that looking into your eyes is one of the ways the Samoyed communicates affection for you.

When dogs do this, a hormone called oxytocin is released, which aids in the formation of stronger bonds between the animal and its owner. Keep in mind that unfamiliar dogs may misinterpret your stare as threatening. 

Bring Toys

When your Samoyed brings you its toys, it’s not always a sign that it wants to play. It’s possible that it identifies you as the pack leader and is handing you its prized treasure, which it hopes you’ll appreciate as much as it does. 

Jump on You

Although most owners teach their dogs not to jump, it is a typical way for them to show affection.

Because Samoyeds aren’t as tall as people, it’s a way for them to get closer and show love while avoiding harm. It’s their way of communicating how much they’ve missed you and how delighted they are to see you again. 

Sniff You a Lot

Sniffing by Samoyeds can indicate devotion and love for their owners, showing their interest in you and their desire to spend time with you. 

Can My Samoyed Dog Live in Hot Weather?

While Samoyed dogs can live in hot temperatures, that doesn’t imply they enjoy being in the heat all the time. However, just as their fur keeps them warm in the winter, it may also keep them cool in the summer and protect them from the sun’s rays. 

Surprisingly, Samoyeds’ fur can keep them cooler in warmer weather than many other short-haired dogs. As a result, Samoyeds may be able to adapt effectively to hot temperatures. 

However, it is important to know some of the main signs that a Samoyed dog can present when it is hot: 

  • Strange behavior 
  • Panting 
  • Constant whimpering 
  • Barking 
  • Glassy eyes 
  • Weakness and increased heart rate                                     

Can Samoyeds Live Outside?

Samoyeds are big fans of being outside. They can be left outside for extended periods in cooler temperatures.

They should not be left outdoors for more than a few hours in warm regions and must always have easy access to shade and some water.

Samoyeds adore their humans; thus, the happiest Samoyed will be one who spends a lot of time inside with them while also being able to run around in a great yard. 

The type of weather you have in your location will be the most important element in selecting how long you let your pet outside. In this area, places with typically cool temperatures that aren’t too cold will give you the most versatility.

You must exercise utmost caution when it comes to keeping your Samoyed outside in warm or extremely cold conditions. 

Warm temperatures will be difficult for Samoyeds to cope with. They will struggle, and as their owner, you must ensure that they do not overheat and suffer from heatstroke. Of course, much of this depends on how hot it is. 

Another significant issue is the Samoyed breed’s craving for human companionship. You should be committed to giving this dog a safe and pleasant place to sleep indoors.

You may provide a dedicated room indoors for your Samoyed, which will still help your dog feel comfortable and like a member of the pack. Depending on how hot it is, of course. 

Regardless of the weather, we must remember that these dogs could suffer from separation anxiety, so leaving them alone outside at night may not be the best option. 

Can Samoyeds Swim?

Can Samoyeds Swim? 

Samoyeds, like other dogs, can swim, but that does not make them outstanding swimmers. It is not advisable to keep our Samoyed in the water alone, owing to its thick coat. 

Samoyeds’ thick, fluffy fur becomes weighty when wet, and that leads the dog to become exhausted quickly. That’s why these canines dislike swimming. Samoyeds have the same experience as we do when our clothes are wet. 

Simply said, when a Samoyed’s thick coat is wet, it is difficult for it to swim and bear excess weight. 

It should be mentioned that this breed was raised in regions of Russia where the water was frozen; therefore, it is not used to being in the water. 

Can Samoyeds Be Left Alone?

This kind of dog has always been surrounded by people, and for that reason, they want to spend most of their time with them. 

These canines should not be left alone at home for an extended period of time. Samoyeds were not designed to spend time alone, so it is essential that there is always a family member nearby to look after them and pay attention to them. They can’t stay alone for more than 4 hours, much less 8 hours. 

Samoyeds usually have one or two favorites among their family members. As a result, the canine becomes sad and aggressive when one of them goes to work or school. This will almost certainly lead to the dog developing destructive behavior. 

The best option is to provide a Samoyed with various training to help it deal with the circumstance. All dogs should be taught how to sit, stay, and come when called.

Potty training, on the other hand, is critical in these situations. When you go to work, it’s usual to leave your dog indoors; therefore, you’ll need to train it to urinate or defecate elsewhere while you’re away. 

Furthermore, it is critical that you provide these dogs with lots of daily activity. Samoyeds are known for being lively, energetic dogs that require a lot of exercise. 

As a result, it is recommended that you exercise it for 1 or 2 hours in the morning before leaving home. That way, it will consume a lot of energy and be able to stay inside for several hours without causing any problems while you are not there.

It should be mentioned that unless you have trained your dog for it, you should never leave a canine of this kind alone for more than 4 hours. 

Are Samoyeds Good with Cats? 

It’s important to remember that the Samoyed has a natural hunting instinct, so leaving it around other small animals like cats can be dangerous.

Providing our dogs with socialization training is one method to prevent these undesirable actions. However, doing so when the dog is a puppy is vital since the learning process will be speedier and more fluid. 

Because Samoyeds have been educated and raised for several generations, it is normal for them to chase and hunt a smaller animal (a cat, for example). They will be able to learn and acquire suitable habits through instruction thanks to their remarkable intelligence. 

Make sure your Samoyed and cat are raised together from an early age if you want them to get along. Your dog and cat will become closest buddies if they grow up together.

While it is true that an adult Samoyed may find it difficult to get along with a feline, socialization training is an excellent choice. Keep in mind, however, that it will take time, so consistency and patience are essential. 

Although socialization training can help a Samoyed get along with cats, it does not ensure that your dog will be one of them. Keep in mind that each dog is unique and has subtle personalities and characteristics that set them apart from the rest. 

Do Samoyeds Like to Cuddle?

The biggest cuddlers are Samoyeds. Nothing makes the Samoyed happier than snuggling close to its human companions. They’ll try to get into your lap or snuggle into cushions and wind up dangling from your shoulders. They enjoy receiving a lot of affection and love from their loved ones. 

Are Samoyeds Aggressive?

Even though any dog breed can become aggressive due to various causes, we must state that Samoyeds are not naturally aggressive or dangerous dogs.

They are adorable, affectionate, friendly, and dependable creatures. In reality, their intellect makes them simple to train to obey our commands. 

As previously said, any dog, including the Samoyed, has the potential to become aggressive, but this is dependent on various factors such as the dog’s surroundings, education, and lifestyle.

This can also occur if the dog has been injured, provoked, or is afraid of a specific person, animal, or environment. 

Samoyeds have a habit of barking a lot. Others may believe these dogs are dangerous and aggressive due to this, but they are not. When this dog discovers a dangerous situation involving their family members or the presence of an unknown person near their home, it starts barking to alert them. 

This dog breed is unquestionably protective. Samoyeds enjoy spending time with their owners or human family members and will bark if they feel threatened. That does not imply that they are canines who are aggressive. 

Are Samoyeds Good with Kids?

Samoyeds are hyperactive dogs with an endless supply of energy. Samoyeds are fantastic family dogs for those with children because they are friendly and approachable. However, because of their boisterous attitude, they might be challenging to handle with young children. 

There are several ways to make your Samoyed good with kids, but the most important is socialization training. If you properly educate your Samoyed and your child, they will likely get along and play safely. 

Samoyeds Good with Other Dogs?

Samoyeds get along nicely with other canines in general. They are amiable and enjoy company, whether it is from humans or other dogs. Samoyeds may be boisterous when playing, and those with a herding inclination may attempt to herd and dominate another canine.  

Although the Samoyed is not known for being aggressive, they could be protective of their humans in the company of other dogs. It is still critical that your Samoyed is socialized with other canines in order for them to develop the necessary communication skills. 

The best time to socialize a pup is before the age of 12 weeks, as It becomes much more challenging after 18 weeks of age, but not impossible. 

It’s possible to socialize a puppy; therefore, it is essential to help them adapt to new situations, people, and animals. While they’re still with their mother and siblings, they begin to socialize, and this is when they start to learn social skills. 

Samoyed Dog Diet

Samoyed Dog Diet 

Proteins, particularly those derived from meat, are essential in a Samoyed’s diet. They’re not only healthier, but they’re also easier to digest.

Chicken, cattle, mutton, deer, turkey, salmon, and other entire animal sources include certain amino acids. Vegetable amino acids are also advantageous if a good meat source is available. 

It’s crucial to understand that while carbohydrates in excess might be unhealthy, they’re also necessary for energy to play and work.

Keep in mind that if your Samoyed has a medical condition like hypothyroidism, diabetes, or obesity, you’ll need to limit their carbohydrate intake. 

Fatty acids and fats provide energy for your Samoyed and support other physiological functions. Fats also contribute to beautiful hair growth and prevent allergic skin reactions. 

Apart from the meats that we have mentioned, it is essential that you feed your canine fruits and vegetables such as: 

  • Apples 
  • Blueberries 
  • Cabbage and lettuce 
  • Carrot 
  • Celery 
  • Green beans 
  • Peach 
  • Pears 
  • Pumpkin  
  • Spinach 
  • Strawberry 

Are Samoyeds Good for First-Time Owners?

For first-time dog owners, Samoyeds are not advised. That is because this breed is known for its tenacity, making it tough to manage.

If we have a Samoyed puppy, providing socialization and obedience training may make caring for and treating it easier. That way, it won’t be a problem for first-time owners when the canine is an adult. 

They also enjoy exercising and participating in any physical exercise with their loved ones. This could be a challenge for first-time dog owners who have never trained a dog before. Individuals who do not have an active life will find it even more difficult. 

Samoyeds must be socialized, obeyed, or trained to perform a duty. However, teaching this dog is not straightforward and can be difficult for many owners, particularly those with little experience.

Fortunately, these canines are intelligent, so this procedure may be made easier depending on the chosen methods. It is best to begin teaching these canines when they are still puppies. 

Are Samoyeds Smart Dogs?

Samoyeds rank 44th out of 138 dog breeds in terms of intelligence. They’re in the “above average” IQ level for obedience and working intelligence. Despite this, Samoyeds are noted for having high levels of innate and adaptable intellect, making them all-around intelligent dogs. 

When Do Samoyeds Calm Down?

The high amount of physical activity in Samoyeds makes it hard for them to calm down. However, it is important to remember that its most energetic stage occurs between late puppyhood and early adulthood. 

A Samoyed is difficult to calm down because it is in their character to be an active dog all of the time. As a result, many dog owners question if these animals will eventually calm down. That will solely depend on your Samoyed’s temperament, attitude, and conduct since it was a puppy. 

Because of its high energy level, the first three years of a Samoyed’s life are generally tough to control. These canines grow and develop many physical and mental qualities at that time. 

It’s worth noting that if you give your dog proper training and exercise, as well as a healthy diet, it will start to calm down between the ages of 2 and 3. 

Will Samoyeds Run Away?

Samoyeds have a high chasing impulse, which could cause them to run away at any time to pursue another animal. As a result, training is an absolute must in this breed of dog. 

It is conceivable that if we do not provide proper training to a Samoyed, it will escape at any time. Furthermore, because these dogs become bored easily and rapidly, they will feel compelled to run for enjoyment, whether by playing or simply running. 

They do not like to be left alone for lengthy periods of time, despite the fact that they are relatively independent canines. If they are not aware of the presence of their owners or relatives, they can develop undesirable behaviors and try to flee. 

How Much Do You Feed Your Samoyed?

Between the ages of 6 and 8, Samoyed pups are completely weaned. Although they began eating solid food earlier, solids are now their only source of nutrition, so puppies aged 8 to 12 weeks should be fed four times daily. 

Puppies aged 3-6 months are fed three meals daily, while those aged 6-12 months are fed two meals per day. Samoyeds over one year should consume one large meal or two smaller ones. 



Samoyeds are happy, amiable dogs who enjoy interacting with other dogs and people. They like to spend time with children, but it is not recommended that they are too young as they could be in danger. 

They are excellent pets, but they are not the best option for first-time owners since they will have to deal with canines with a high level of physical activity and their propensity to shed, among other aspects.