Our pet’s health is one of the most important things to which we must pay attention. Dogs depend on us for everything, and it is our responsibility to make sure they have a healthy life.
If you bring home a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy, the first thing you should do is plan its vaccination. Vaccines are essential for both humans and animals as they help prevent certain diseases and health problems.
As owners of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, we must ensure that it is safe and sound and has sufficient defences within its body to prevent unwanted diseases.
When Should We Vaccinate Our Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?
The first thing to keep in mind is that breeders do not give puppies up for adoption until they are 6-8 weeks old. That means that the first vaccinations are the responsibility of the breeders.
Generally, they keep a puppy health control which is delivered to the person who adopts the animal. In this way, said person can show this record to the veterinarian so that it can tell you how to continue with the vaccination periods in the future.
The most advisable thing is to ask the veterinarian about the best vaccines for your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Examining the canine to prevent the vaccine from causing side effects is necessary.
Next, you will be able to know in a general way the recommended vaccination periods for your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel:
- Between 6-8 weeks: As we have said before, this vaccination period is carried out by breeders before giving these dogs up for adoption. The vaccines act against Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Distemper, and Parvovirus during this period.
- Between 10-12 weeks: From this vaccination period onwards, it is your responsibility to take care of the vaccination of your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. It is advisable to request help from the veterinarian for a better guide. These vaccines are intended to combat Parainfluenza, Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, and Parvovirus.
- Between 14-16 weeks: During this period, it is advisable to apply the vaccine against all the diseases mentioned above and also against Rabies.
- Between 18-20 weeks: In this time range, the most recommended is to apply the same vaccines used in the period of 10-12 weeks.
Cavalier King Charles Diseases that can be Treated with Vaccines
Cavalier King Charles Bordetella Bronchiseptica
Bordetella Bronchiseptica is considered to be the main cause of kennel cough. It is a bacterium that is characterized by a high risk of infection that can cause various symptoms in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, such as seizures, vomiting, coughing fits, and in more extreme cases, death.
The vaccination may be given as a nasal spray or as an injection by the veterinarian. We must remember that this vaccine protects for 12 to 14 months.
Cavalier King Charles Distemper
This disease can become serious and highly contagious. The main attack target of this virus is the nervous, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
A canine of this type can easily infect another dog through coughing or sneezing; that is, the air is the main means by which this virus spreads. However, these animals can also be infected through food or water containers that an infected dog uses.
The most common symptoms of this virus are:
- Secretions from the eyes and nose
Unfortunately, there is no cure for Distemper. There are treatments that will help the canine avoid certain infections and control some symptoms. That is why vaccination at an early age is essential.
Cavalier King Charles Parainfluenza
This virus causes two main symptoms: dry cough and sneezing. However, depending on the severity of the situation, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel could also present symptoms such as loss of appetite, fever, bronchopneumonia, vomiting, eye and nasal discharge, lethargy, etc.
When you notice any of these symptoms in your pet, it is best to immediately take it to the vet. It is possible that the specialist will recommend using the DHPP, which is a combined vaccine that fights not only Parainfluenza but also other diseases that we are mentioning.
Cavalier King Charles Hepatitis
Hepatitis is a viral infection that affects our Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s eyes, kidneys, lungs, spleen, or liver. This disease is so contagious that it can be treated but not cured. Although there is an effective treatment against Hepatitis, it could be deadly in the worst cases.
The most common symptoms of Hepatitis in dogs are:
- Congestion of the mucous membranes
- Pain in the liver.
Cavalier King Charles Parvovirus
The Parvovirus can be found within a group of diseases related to a contagious virus. This virus aims to affect the gastrointestinal system. Like other diseases with no cure, if your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has this virus, you should take it to a veterinarian for treatment.
Among the main symptoms of Parvovirus, we can find bloody diarrhoea, vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite. In some severe cases, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can suffer from extreme dehydration, which could lead to death within 2-3 days.
Cavalier King Charles Leptospirosis
This disease directly affects the kidneys and liver through a bacterium. We cannot take Leptospirosis lightly as it can be transmitted not only to other mammals but also to humans. The urine or other fluids of dogs suffering from this disease are the cause of infection.
The symptoms are fever, vomiting, cough, loss of appetite, lethargy, shortness of breath, kidney failure, etc. It should be noted that Cavalier King Charles Spaniels suffering from Leptospirosis do not always have symptoms.
Cavalier King Charles Rabies
Rabies is a viral disease transmitted through another infected dog that mainly affects the central nervous system. It poses a deadly danger to your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel if it is not treated in time. For that reason, it is essential to take it to the vet if you notice any of the following symptoms: