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Why Do Bernese Mountain Dogs Have a Short Lifespan?

The Bernese Mountain Dog is well-known for being a wonderful family companion. These dogs have a friendly and loving demeanour and are continually looking for ways to get along with other humans.

The breed’s short lifetime is one of its most remarkable and unfortunate characteristics. Many people are shocked by it, especially given the canine’s features listed above.

Why Do Bernese Mountain Dogs Have a Short Lifespan

A Bernese Mountain Dog’s lifespan is estimated to be between 7 and 10 years, according to the American Kennel Club. However, that’s not always the case. According to the testimonies of many people who have owned a canine of this type, the typical lifespan is between 6 and 8 years.

It’s worth noting that, thanks to breeders’ and experts’ investigation, many canines of this breed have been able to survive between 10 and 12 years for several years.

Some of these dogs have also had the misfortune of only lasting 3 to 4 years. We must remember that this condition could be caused by a variety of things such as nutrition, exercise, care, mood, and overall quality of life.

Why Do Bernese Mountain Dogs Live Shorter Lives than Other Types of Dogs?

The main reasons are:

  • Diseases
  • Bad quality of life
  • Poor diet
  • Little care

Big dogs, on average, live shorter lives than smaller ones. That is primarily due to the fact that larger canines have higher metabolisms and require more energy than smaller dogs. It triggers cell damage, which reduces the animal’s lifespan as time goes on.

It’s crucial to realize that this happens to the vast majority of canines this size. Nevertheless, the Bernese Mountain Dog has a greater death rate than other canines.

Cancer is the primary cause of a Bernese Mountain Dog’s short lifespan. These species have a significant risk of contracting the disease during their lives, and it is the leading cause of death in this dog globally. As a result, there are certain examples of this animal that can only live for three or four years.

The types of cancer that these dogs usually suffer from are:

  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Malignant Histiocytosis
  • Mast Cell Tumours
  • Osteosarcoma

Although cancer is the disease that most often causes death in these dogs, there are others that can rapidly deteriorate their health, such as hip dysplasia, arthritis, heart problems, kidney difficulties, bloating, cruciate ligament tear, etc.

Why Do a Large Number of Bernese Mountain Dogs Suffer from Cancer?

The risk that Bernese Mountain Dogs suffer from cancer is due to the mixtures of dogs that were carried out based on a small gene pool. A lot of the Bernese Mountain Dogs utilized in these crosses had a hereditary propensity to cancer, which was passed down through the generations.

Taking into account the recently mentioned, it is essential to detect this disease before it is too late. There are certain symptoms that, although they will not help us determine 100% if our pet has cancer, will make us take it to the vet for a complete check-up. Some of them are:

  • Bad smell
  • Bleeding
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty moving
  • Inflammations
  • Lack of energy to do physical activities
  • Loss of appetite
  • Non-healing sores
  • Weight loss

How to Prevent Our Bernese Mountain Dog from Suffering from Cancer?

Vet Check-Ups

It is critical that you consider taking your dog to the veterinarian on a frequent basis. In fact, if your pet is a puppy, you must surely take it to the veterinarian so that he may provide the necessary vaccines and inform you of all the procedures you should consider to ensure its excellent health.

Getting it to the veterinarian on a regular basis will aid in the early detection of any threats in your dog’s body. That way, you can intervene swiftly with therapies and medication to prevent the health issue from worsening.

It is not necessary to take our Bernese Mountain Dog every month of the year; one or two times per year will suffice. However, as it gets older, its visits to the vet will need to increase.

Good Diet

You must feed your dog a well-balanced meal rich in nutrients and minerals that are beneficial to its health. Give it high-quality, natural foods. Your pet should have enough energy to keep energetic and perform physical activities throughout the day.


Physical activity is also a fundamental component to keep our Bernese Mountain Dog healthy. Exercise, along with a good diet, will help your pet prevent many diseases and health problems.

Choice of the Best Breeder

If you have not yet acquired a Bernese Mountain Dog, you must investigate and choose the best breeder. Reputable breeders will always offer healthy dogs and provide you with their health records.