Many people acquire a pet for the first time, but they overlook some fundamental aspects because they do not have enough experience. Having a dog is the same as having a child. We must take care of it and make sure it has a good lifestyle.
Good care includes a proper diet, exercise routines, hygiene, grooming, vaccination, etc. In this article, we will leave those elements aside and focus on the guidelines to follow for the immunization of our Bernese Mountain dog.
Vaccination in Bernese Mountain Dogs
A Bernese Mountain dog doesn’t need to be excessively vaccinated. The accumulation of immunizations, heartworm treatments, insecticidal dips, and tick and flea preventatives severely affects Bernese Mountain dogs with delicate immune systems.
In order to protect pets’ health, several veterinarians routinely offer preventatives and vaccines for heartworm, ticks, and fleas.
Vaccines may safeguard Bernese Mountain dogs from severe diseases by activating their immune systems to develop antibodies that defend them from diseases including hepatitis, rabies, distemper, and parvovirus. On the other hand, vaccines administered too regularly can overload the immune systems of some dogs of this type.
Over vaccination has been linked to dangerous side effects in recent studies. When choosing a suitable vaccination schedule, take into account the overall health of your Bernese Mountain dog as well as the risk of contagious diseases.
These dog owners must schedule separate rabies and combination immunization sessions a few weeks apart. Owners are urged to inquire with their dog’s veterinarian about titer testing, an additional technique for determining vaccine administration and immunity conditions.
When Should a Bernese Mountain Dog Be Vaccinated?
In the following table, we indicate the time range (in weeks) in which you should vaccinate your Bernese Mountain dog.
|6-8||Parainfluenza, Hepatitis, Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Parvovirus, and Distemper|
|10-12||Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Distemper, and Parvovirus|
|14-16||Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Hepatitis, Distemper, Leptospirosis, and Rabies|
|18-20||Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Distemper, and Parvovirus|
What Diseases Should We Combat Using Vaccines?
Bernese Mountain Dog Distemper
It is a virus that attacks the Bernese Mountain dog, affecting the respiratory, nervous and gastrointestinal systems. It is a highly contagious disease that can be easily transmitted when the affected dog sneezes or coughs. However, a Bernese Mountain dog can also become infected if it drinks from another infected dog’s food or water bowl.
The symptoms are vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, seizures, cough, paralysis, secretions from the eyes and nose, and in the worst cases, death.
Bernese Mountain Dog Hepatitis
This viral infection is characterized by specifically affecting the kidneys, lungs, spleen or eyes of a Bernese Mountain dog. It is a disease with no cure, but treatments can help control it.
The most common symptoms are:
- Congestion of the mucous membranes
- Pain in the liver
Bernese Mountain Dog Bordetella Bronchiseptica
This disease is the main cause of kennel cough. It is a highly contagious bacteria that can be very life-threatening to the Bernese Mountain dog and any other canine. The most frequent symptoms are:
- Coughing fits
- Death (in extreme cases)
The vaccine against this disease can be administered through an injection or nasal spray.
Bernese Mountain Dog Parainfluenza
It is caused by a virus that can present different symptoms depending on the severity of the situation. Sometimes, a Bernese Mountain dog will only have sneezing and a dry cough, while in more serious cases, it could present the following symptoms:
- Eye and nasal discharge
- Loss of appetite
Generally, veterinarians recommend DHPP, which is a special vaccine to combat not only Parainfluenza but also the diseases that we have already mentioned.
Bernese Mountain Dog Leptospirosis
This disease has the peculiarity of being transmitted not only to other dogs but also to human beings. It directly affects the liver and kidneys and can cause the following symptoms:
- Kidney failure
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath
This disease is usually transmitted through infected dogs’ urine and other fluids. Sometimes the Bernese Mountain dog may not present symptoms, so it is essential to take it regularly to the vet to rule out any health problems.
Bernese Mountain Dog Rabies
This disease affects the central nervous system and is transmitted from one infected dog to another. If we don’t treat it in time, this virus could be deadly for your Bernese Mountain dog.
The most frequent symptoms are hallucinations, anxiety, drooling, fever, aggressiveness, paralysis, vomiting, apathy, etc.
Bernese Mountain Dog Parvovirus
This virus is characterized by affecting the gastrointestinal system. The most common symptoms are vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, loss of appetite and fever. Parvovirus has no cure, so you should go to the vet as he will recommend a treatment for your Bernese Mountain dog.
If you don’t treat it in time, your Bernese Mountain dog could die within 2-3 days due to the extreme dehydration caused by this virus.