Owning a dog, especially a puppy, requires us to be very responsible owners. When purchasing a pet of this type, it is essential that we investigate a little more about it.
The Bernese Mountain dog is a loving and friendly animal that loves to be around people. There are many things that we should know about a puppy of this breed before buying or adopting it. Many people acquire a dog without first knowing its main characteristics, which is a mistake.
We must determine if a Bernese Mountain puppy suits our lifestyle. This guide will help you get to know a Bernese Mountain puppy better.
Bernese Mountain Puppy Physical Appearance
The Bernese Mountain dogs are characterized by their large size. The females of this species usually measure between 58 cm and 66 cm and generally weigh less than 45 kg.
On the other hand, a male Bernese Mountain dog can weigh between 34 kg and 54 kg and measure between 63 cm and 70 cm. That is important to know as the puppy you bring home will eventually grow up.
The eyes of these puppies are usually oval and dark in colour, giving them a sweet appearance. The head of this dog is wide, its muzzle is straight and strong, its nose is black, and its ears are dropped.
One of the most distinctive aspects of a Bernese Mountain dog is its long, silky coat. It has a double coat that can be smooth or slightly wavy. In addition, the fur of these puppies is made up of three colours: black, white, and tan.
Bernese Mountain Puppy Temperament
Bernese Mountain puppies make wonderful pets due to their sweet and gentle personalities. They are very affectionate and friendly with practically all people, especially their owners. These puppies love spending time with children and the elderly and can easily get along with strangers and other pets if they receive socialisation training.
Socialisation training is important as Bernese Mountain dogs have a protective instinct that will activate when they feel their loved ones are in danger.
Keep in mind that Bernese Mountain puppies are very clingy with their owners. That means they will always want to be next to them and follow them everywhere. When these canines are left alone, they tend to suffer from separation anxiety as they think they have been abandoned.
That leads them to develop destructive and unwanted behaviours such as digging, destroying everything in their path, scratching the door, chewing on anything they see, etc.
Puppies of this type will never show aggressive behaviour even when they notice their owners are in danger. In those cases, they will only alert you through barking.
Many people worry about having a small pet other than a Bernese Mountain puppy. That’s because they fear that when their Bernese Mountain dog grows up, it might hurt the other pet. You should not worry as this breed is characterized by its excellent relationship with other animals.
Bernese Mountain Puppy Exercise
Adult Bernese Mountain dogs generally need about an hour of exercise daily. However, a puppy cannot exercise for that amount of time as its muscles and bones are not fully developed.
Therefore, you should provide it with exercise according to its age. For example, for every month of life, you must add 5 min to the exercise routine. That means if your Bernese Mountain puppy is five months old, it could exercise for 25 min.
You can stimulate them physically and mentally outdoors through walks to the park, games, or any type of training. They should not be left locked up at home all day as they can easily get bored. In addition, playing with children is a good way for these dogs to exercise.
Since their origins, farmers have used these dogs to pull carts with farm products. Today, this habit is still maintained in certain parts, especially in Switzerland. Many people consider this to be an excellent exercise for this breed.
Bernese Mountain Puppy Grooming
Bernese Mountain puppies are born with a double-layered coat that is usually thick, long, and wavy/straight. They regularly shed throughout the year but shed more heavily in spring and fall. During these two seasons, you will need to brush their fur every day, while you will only need to do it 2 or 3 times a week for the rest of the year.
Be sure to use special brushes for your dog’s coat. The goal of brushing is to remove all remaining dead hair and debris from the puppy’s coat to not only keep the hairs from matting but also to keep it clean and allow better airflow to its skin.
A Bernese Mountain puppy should be bathed every six weeks or when really necessary. Many people decide to clean it twice a month or more, but that is a mistake as doing it constantly will remove the natural oils that are responsible for keeping the coat and skin healthy and clean.
Similarly, you should make sure to clean your puppy’s ears and teeth very well, as those places are prone to infection.
Bernese Mountain Puppy Health Problems
The Bernese Mountain dog is one of the few breeds that usually live for a few years. Unfortunately, these animals often suffer from cancer which is their main cause of death at an early age.
In fact, half of the Bernese Mountain dogs worldwide suffer from this disease, and most of them die. Some common types of cancer are Lymphomas, Hemangiosarcoma, Malignant Histiocytosis, Mast Cell Tumours, and Osteosarcoma.
In addition to cancer, the Bernese Mountain puppy can inherit many other diseases, whether they are genetic or not.
These health problems that we will mention below are responsible for progressively deteriorating the health of this animal, making its life expectancy short, since we must remember that Bernese Mountain dogs live between 6 and 8 years. However, some could reach up to 10 years. Some of them are:
- Hip dysplasia
- Kidney difficulties
- Heart problems
- Cruciate ligament tear